The “Dublin” regulation states that only one European country can examine your asylum application, but the European Union does not allow you to choose which country this will be.
The State with responsibility for your asylum application will be:
1. The European country in which you have already made an asylum application. Otherwise:
2. The country where any “members of your family” who are beneficiaries of protection / asylum seekers reside. Otherwise:
3. The country which issued you with either a visa or a residence permit. Otherwise:
4. The country which took your fingerprints after your entered Europe.
In France, when your asylum application is recorded, the prefecture may deem that another European State has taken responsibility for your application – e.g. by taking your fingerprints – but also on the basis of any documents you may have presented, such as a passport with a visa, a travel ticket from another State, etc.
In this case, the prefecture will give you a “Dublin procedure” attestation of asylum application which means that you will be unable to make your application upon the basis of a fear of persecution in your own country.